Hopking's Herbal -XYZ- A concise list of herbs, actions and uses

Hopking's Herbal > X Y Z <


Hopking's Herbal - X Y Z

Go to Hopking's Herbal - A Modern Materia Medica (herbs and their medicinal action and uses):
A, B-C, D-E-F, G-H, I-J-K, L-M-N, O-P-Q, R-S, T-U, V-W, X-Y-Z

All these herbs are available from Herbactive Botanicals as:
1. Organic tinctures made according to the British Herbal Pharmacopoeia
2. Organic alcohol-free concentrated tinctures

Over 400 single herb tinctures - sizes available 60ml, 120ml, 300ml, 555, 1.110L, 2.220L -
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If you can't find the herb you want or you don't know the botanical (Latin) name email me

349. Xanthium sibiricum (Cochlebur fruit, Can Er Zi) Chinese Herb - allergic rhinitis, nasosinusitis, opens the aperture of the nose; to dispel wind and dampness (anti-rheumatic), to relieve pain and itchiness; nose running, chronic rhinitis, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic lumbago, prorates of the skin, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, analgesic. Pungent, bitter, warm, slightly toxic. LU. see Catarrh

350. Xanthoxylum americanum (Prickly Ash bark) - circulatory stimulant, lymphatic stimulant, diaphoretic, anti-rheumatic in legs, carminative, sialagogue, tonic, alterative; chronic skin disease, chronic rheumatism, poor circulation, intermittent claudication, Raynaud’s syndrome, chilblains, cramp, varicose veins, varicose ulcers. Dry mouth. Ext.: rheumatism, fibrositis as liniment. Berries: therapeutically more active in circulatory disorders. Dose: 1:5 45% 2-5ml.

351. Yucca schidigera and spp. (Yucca leaves) - this desert plant appears to be of value in arthritis treatment. It is thought that the herb's benefit in joint disorders may stem from a reduction in bacterial toxins that would otherwise hinder cartilage repair. The Hopi Indians prized this herb as a natural cleanser (lots of saponins), relating to cure baldness. Weiner. Sapoginin - similar to Wild Yam hormones, natural source of progesterone; for bleeding of womb and menstrual disorders. Its asteroidal saponins act as an anticoagulant to resolve clumping of blood cells. Action: cardiac stimulant, anti-inflammatory (arthritis), diuretic, cholagogue (saponins), blood purifier. Acts as a preventative against cancer and tumours (anti-cancer). Uses: hormonal imbalance, varicose veins, acne, ulcers in mouth and skin, cleanses gall bladder, cataract.

352. Zea mays (Corn Silk, Yu Mi Xu) Chinese Herb - diuretic, anti-lithic, demulcent, tonic; urinary irritation, renal problems in children, cystitis, urethritis, prostatitis; nocturnal enuresis, urinary incontinence, kidney stones, urinary system inflammation, swellings; lowers blood sugar; RA (uric acid excretion); lowers blood pressure HBP; dissolves gall stones; sweet, neutral; BL. See WaterMore

353. Zingiber officinalis (Dry Ginger, Gan Jiang) Chinese Herb - stimulant, stomachic, anti-emetic, carminative, flatulent dyspepsia, rubefacient, diaphoretic; circulatory stimulant, stimulant to yang, dissolves phlegm, dyspepsia, colic, nausea, vomiting cold hands and feet, weak pulse, cough with profuse sputum. Travel sickness. Ext. sprains; pungent, warm; HE, LU, SP, ST, KI. Zingiber officinalis (Ginger root (fresh), Sheng Jiang) - diaphoretic (for Wind and Cold), anti-emetic, expectorant; common cold with cough and thin, white phlegm; vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal fullness; pungent, warm. LU SP ST.

354. Ziziphus jujuba (Jujube fruit, Da Zao) Chinese Herb - malaise, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, anaemia, palpitation, irritability, sedative; sweet, warm. SP ST.

355. Ziziphus jujuba (Wild Jujube seed, Suan Zao Ren) Chinese Herb - sedative, tranquillizer, anhidrotic; insomnia, fidget, cardiotonic, palpitation, night sweat, spontaneous perspiration (menopause); sweet, sour, neutral. LIV HE.

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Can't find the herb you want? Email me

Go to Hopking's Herbal - A Modern Materia Medica (herbs and their medicinal action and uses):
A, B-C, D-E-F, G-H, I-J-K, L-M-N, O-P-Q, R-S, T-U, V-W, X-Y-Z






Our herbal tonic medicines are carefully prepared on a personal and individual basis for your healing by medical herbalist Alan Hopking MA MNIMH FINEH.

Only whole herbs are used in our herbal medicines. Nothing else is added. If you have symptoms which you consider might be helped with herbal medicine please contact herbal practitioner Alan Hopking for a friendly confidential professional consultation. See terms and fees.

Once you have received your herbal prescription you can contact Alan Hopking at any time for more free advice (preferably by email). When you have completed your bottle of herbal medicine and if you want a repeat prescription you are requested to phone or email so that your progress can be assessed and adjustments made if necessary so that there is no break in your treatment. To order or re-order, click here.

MRCHM - see Alan Hopking's statement about renouncing his association with membership of this organisation

HERBACTIVE Centre of Herbal Medicine, England, UK. Freephone 0800 0834436

General advice to consumers on the use of herbal remedies from the Medicines Healthcare products Regulatory Agency

From the website of the Medicines Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (www.mhra.gov.uk) Department of Health, UK

• Remember that herbal remedies are medicines. As with any other medicine they are likely to have an effect on the body and should be used with care. • Herbal remedies may sometimes interact with other medicines. This makes it particularly important to tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking a herbal remedy with other medicines such as prescribed medicines (those provided through your doctor or dentist). • Treat with caution any suggestion that a herbal remedy is '100% safe' or is 'safe because it is natural'. Many plants, trees, fungi and algae can be poisonous to humans. It is worth remembering that many pharmaceuticals have been developed or derived from these sources because of the powerful compounds they contain. Any medicine, including herbal remedies, which have an effect on the body should be used with care. • Treat with caution any herbalist or other person who supplies herbal remedies if they are unwilling or unable to provide written information, in English, listing the ingredients of the herbal remedy they are providing. • If you are due to have a surgical operation you should always remember to tell your doctor about any herbal remedy that you are taking. • Anyone who has previously experienced any liver complaint, or any other serious health complaint is advised not to take any herbal remedy without speaking to their doctor first.


Pregnant/Breast-feeding mothers

Few conventional medicines have been established as safe to take during pregnancy and it is generally recognised that no medicine should be taken unless the benefit to the mother outweighs any possible risk to the foetus. This rule should also be applied to herbal medicinal products. However, herbal products are often promoted to the public as being “natural” and completely “safe” alternatives to conventional medicines. Some herbal ingredients that specifically should be avoided or used with caution during pregnancy. As with conventional medicines, no herbal products should be taken during pregnancy unless the benefit outweighs the potential risk.

Volatile Oils

Many herbs are traditionally reputed to be abortifacient and for some this reputation can be attributed to their volatile oil component.(6) A number of volatile oils are irritant to the genito-urinary tract if ingested and may induce uterine contractions. Herbs that contain irritant volatile oils include ground ivy, juniper, parsley, pennyroyal, sage, tansy and yarrow. Some of these oils contain the terpenoid constituent, thujone, which is known to be abortifacient. Pennyroyal oil also contains the hepatotoxic terpenoid constituent, pulegone. A case of liver failure in a woman who ingested pennyroyal oil as an abortifacient has been documented.


A stimulant or spasmolytic action on uterine muscle has been documented for some herbal ingredients including blue cohosh, burdock, fenugreek, golden seal, hawthorn, jamaica dogwood, motherwort, nettle, raspberry, and vervain. Herbal Teas Increased awareness of the harmful effects associated with excessive tea and coffee consumption has prompted many individuals to switch to herbal teas. Whilst some herbal teas may offer pleasant alternatives to tea and coffee, some contain pharmacologically active herbal ingredients, which may have unpredictable effects depending on the quantity of tea consumed and strength of the brew. Some herbal teas contain laxative herbal ingredients such as senna, frangula, and cascara. In general stimulant laxative preparations are not recommended during pregnancy and the use of unstandardised laxative preparations is particularly unsuitable. A case of hepatotoxicity in a newborn baby has been documented in which the mother consumed a herbal tea during pregnancy as an expectorant. Following analysis the herbal tea was reported to contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids which are known to be hepatotoxic.

Breast-feeding mothers

A drug substance taken by a breast-feeding mother presents a hazard if it is transferred to the breast milk in pharmacologically or toxicologically significant amounts. Limited information is available regarding the safety of conventional medicines taken during breast-feeding. Much less information exists for herbal ingredients, and generally the use of herbal remedies is not recommended during lactation.

Paediatric Use

Herbal remedies have traditionally been used to treat both adults and children. Herbal remedies may offer a milder alternative to some conventional medicines, although the suitability of a herbal remedy needs to be considered with respect to quality, safety and efficacy. Herbal remedies should be used with caution in children and medical advice should be sought if in doubt. Chamomile is a popular remedy used to treat teething pains in babies. However, chamomile is known to contain allergenic sesquiterpene lactones and should therefore be used with caution. The administration of herbal teas to children needs to be considered carefully and professional advice may be needed.

Perioperative use

The need for patients to discontinue herbal medicinal products prior to surgery has recently been proposed. The authors considered eight commonly used herbal medicinal products (echinacea, ephedra, garlic, ginkgo, ginseng, kava, St John’s Wort, valerian). On the evidence available they concluded that the potential existed for direct pharmacological effects, pharmacodynamic interactions and pharmacokinetic interactions. The need for physicians to have a clear understanding of the herbal medicinal products being used by patients and to take a detailed history was highlighted. The American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) has advised patients to tell their doctor if they are taking herbal products before surgery and has reported that a number of anaesthesiologists have reported significant changes in heart rate or blood pressure in some patients who have been taking herbal medicinal products including St John’s Wort, ginkgo and ginseng. MCA is currently investigating a serious adverse reaction associated with the use of ginkgo prior to surgery. In this case, the patient who was undergoing hip replacement experienced uncontrolled bleeding thought to be related to the use of ginkgo.

From the website of the Medicines Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (www.mhra.gov.uk) Department of Health, UK


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